Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement
Baku, Azerbaijan | April 3-6, 2018

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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

Historical Background: The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War, as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with or against any major power blocs, but sought to remain independent or neutral. The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. Subsequently, a preparatory meeting for the First NAM Summit Conference was held in Cairo, Egypt from 5-12 June 1961. At this meeting, participants discussed the goals of a policy of non-alignment, which wereadopted as criteria for membership. The First NAM Summit Conference took place inBelgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961. In 1955 Bandung Conference thestates adopted a 10-point declaration on the promotion of world peace and cooperation,based on the UN Charter.The Ten Principles are as follows:

1. Respect of fundamental human rights and of the objectives and principles of theCharter of the United Nations;

2. Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations;

3. Recognition of the equality among all races and of the equality among all nations,both large and small;

4. Non-intervention or non-interference into the internal affairs of another country;

5. Respect of the right of every nation to defend itself, either individually or collectively,

in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations;

6. Non-use of collective defense pacts to benefit the specific interests of any of the greatpowers;

7. Refraining from acts or threats of aggression and use of force in against the territorialintegrity or political independence of any country. Non-use of pressures by any countryagainst other countries;

8. Settlement of all international disputes by peaceful means, such as negotiation,conciliation, arbitration or judicial settlement as well as other peaceful means of theparties’ own choice, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations;

9. Promotion of mutual interests and cooperation;

10. Respect for justice and international obligation.

The 1955 conference, the 1960 activities in the United Nations General Assembly, andthe 1961 Non-Aligned Movement conference in the Former Yugoslavia were centralmeetings for the formation of the NAM. Along with these conferences during and shortlyafter the Cold War, the Non-Aligned Movement has continued to meet on a yearly basisfor its Non-Aligned Movement Summit that has been hosted in different countries.These Non-Aligned Movement Summits are held every three years. In 2015 the Non-Aligned Movement Summit was held in Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Next Non-Aligned Movement Summit is scheduled to take place in Baku, during the chairmanshipof Republic of Azerbaijan in NAM.

Objectives: NAM has sought to create an independent path in world politics that wouldnot result in member States becoming pledges in the struggles between the majorpowers. It identifies the right of independent judgment, the struggle against imperialismand neo-colonialism, and the use of moderation in relations with all big powers as thethree basic elements that have influenced its approach. From the beginning of theMovement, its work was an essential factor for the decolonization process, which thenled to the achievement of freedom and independence of many countries and peoples,as well as the creation of new States. NAM has played an important role in thestrengthening of international peace and security.

Principal Organs: One of the interesting aspects of the Non-Aligned Movement as aninternational organization is its organizational and voting structure. While manyinternational organizations have official constitutions, the Non-Aligned Movement doesnot. Furthermore, there is no Secretariat representing the NAM. Moreover, itsadministration is non-hierarchical and rotational. Decisions are made by consensus,which requires substantial agreement, but not unanimity. This sort of structuralmechanism shows how the Non-Aligned Movement attempted to offer an equal vote toall members.  

Chair:  At each Summit, a new Head of State formally becomes the chair and assumesthat position until the next Summit. The chair is responsible for promoting the principlesand activities of NAM, and the Foreign Ministry and Permanent Mission in UnitedNations of the Chair& State assumes administrative responsibility.Coordinating Bureau:  This ambassadorial-level body, based at the United Nations inNew York, reviews and facilitates activities between the working groups, contact groups,task forces, and committees. It is also charged with strengthening coordination andcooperation among NAM States. The Chair& Permanent Representative to the UN inNew York functions as the CoB chair.

NAM Member Countries: (120)

Afghanistan

Colombia

Haiti

Mozambique

Singapore

Algeria

Comoros

Honduras

Myanmar

Somalia

Angola

Congo

India

Namibia

South Africa

Antigua and Barbuda

Côte d'Ivoire

Indonesia

Nepal

Sri Lanka

Azerbaijan

Cuba

Iran

Nicaragua

Sudan

Bahamas

 

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Iraq

Niger

Suriname

Bahrain

Djibouti

Jamaica

Nigeria

Swaziland

Bangladesh

 

Dominica

Jordan

Oman

Syrian Arab Republic

Barbados

Dominican Republic

Kenya

Pakistan

Thailand

Belarus

Democratic Republic
of the Congo

Kuwait

Palestine

Timor-Leste

Belize

Ecuador

Lao People's
Democratic Republic

Panama

Togo

Benin

Egypt

Lebanon

Papua New Guinea

Trinidad and Tobago

Bhutan

Equatorial Guinea

Lesotho

Peru

Tunisia

Bolivia

Eritrea

Liberia

Philippines

Turkmenistan

Botswana

Ethiopia

Libya

Qatar

Uganda

Brunei Darussalam

 

Fiji

Madagascar

Rwanda

United Arab Emirates

Burkina Faso

Gabon

Malawi

Saint Kitts and Nevis

United Republic of Tanzania

Burundi

Gambia

Malaysia

Saint Lucia

Uzbekistan

Cambodia

 

Ghana

Maldives

Saint Vincent and
the Grenadines

Vanuatu

Cameroon

Grenada

Mali

Sao Tome and Principe

Venezuela

Cape Verde

Guatemala

Mauritania

Saudi Arabia

Vietnam

Central African Republic

Guinea

Mauritius

Senegal

Yemen

Chad

Guinea Bissau

Mongolia

Seychelles

Zambia

Chile

Guyana

Morocco

Sierra Leone

Zimbabwe

 

NAM Observer Countries: (17)

Argentina

Croatia

Paraguay

Armenia

El Salvador

Serbia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Kazakhstan

Tajikistan

Brazil

Kyrgyzstan

Ukraine

China

Mexico

Uruguay

Costa Rica

Montenegro

 

NAM Observer Organizations: (10)

African Union

League of Arab States

Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Organization

Organization of Islamic Cooperation

Common-wealth Secretariat

South Center

Hostosian National Independence Movement

United Nations

Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front

World Peace Council